Bacterial vaginosis is a vaginal infection caused by the disruption of the normal flora balance in the vagina. Generally, the body has good bacteria that function to protect the body from bad bacteria that can cause infection. However, in people with bacterial vaginosis, the number of good bacteria in the vagina decreases so that it is unable to fight infection. You can use bacterial vaginosis freedom to free from it.
Bacterial vaginosis can be experienced by women of all ages. However, most bacterial vaginosis occurs when women are in their reproductive period, namely, ages 15-44 years. Bacterial vaginosis is a mild infection, but if left untreated it can cause sexually transmitted infections. If a vaginal bacterial infection occurs during pregnancy, the risk of experiencing pregnancy complications is higher.
The cause of bacterial vaginosis is an overgrowth of certain bacteria, which disturbs the natural balance of bacteria in the vagina. There are two types of bacteria in the vagina, namely good bacteria, and bad bacteria. Good bacteria are Lactobacillus bacteria which function to limit the growth of bad bacteria by maintaining a normal pH or acidity level in the vagina. These bacteria dominate the number of bacteria in the vagina, which is about 95%.
In addition, there are also bad bacteria, namely anaerobic bacteria. When the number of good bacteria decreases, anaerobic bacteria overgrowth, causing bacterial vaginosis.
The exact cause of disruption of the balance of bacterial growth in the vagina is not certain. However, a number of factors are thought to increase a woman’s risk of developing bacterial vaginosis, including:
Frequently changing sexual partners and not using condoms.
Decrease naturally in the Lactobacillus bacteria.
In some women, the main symptom of bacterial vaginosis is vaginal discharge. The discharge has a watery texture and is gray or white in color. The discharge also smells fishy, especially when menstruating or having sexual intercourse with a partner. In addition, there are other symptoms that may appear, such as vaginal itching and pain, and burning when urinating and having sex. Immediately consult a doctor when experiencing these symptoms.